Dandruff in the hair is a condition caused by the peeling and shedding of the scalp. Even though it’s not a serious hair problem, who would want parts like white dust to fall on their shoulders and their scalp to itch all the time? If you also have a dandruff problem, you can learn everything about dandruff and dandruff shampoo in the rest of our article!
Why does dandruff occur in hair?
The top layer of our scalp is actually constantly peeling because the scalp constantly renews itself. So everyone has dandruff. However, at this point, it is a matter of small or large parts. If you are constantly seeing bits of white powder on your shoulder, you have a dandruff problem.
There are some reasons that can cause dandruff in the hair:
1. Seborrheic Dermatitis
People with seborrheic dermatitis often encounter the problem of dandruff because this skin disease affects the back of the ear, eyebrows, and the edges of the nose as well as the scalp. As a result, the scalp becomes sensitive, irritated and starts producing extra skin cells. The excess cells produced die and shed, revealing the dandruff problem.
2. We should comb the hair enough
Those who do not comb their hair regularly are at risk of dandruff problem. Because the shed scalp is not cleaned with the comb and adheres directly to the hair.
3. Dropping of Air Temperature
In general, dandruff problem occurs due to the falling temperatures in winter. Just like our skin, our scalp dries out and begins to fall out due to cold weather. For this reason, we recommend that you wear a hat and a beanie as much as possible to keep the temperature of your scalp constant.
4. Not getting enough shampoo
If you do not shampoo your hair enough or wash it regularly, oils and skin cells accumulate deep in the hair. As they accumulate, these residues cause dandruff.
5. Some diseases
Neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s, heart disease and diseases related to the immune system can also cause dandruff.
6. Nutrition pattern
If we do not eat foods containing B vitamins and Zinc regularly, dandruff may start to occur in our hair.
It doesn’t matter whether it’s emotional or physical, dandruff problems can occur under stress.
Symptoms of Dandruff Hair
Dandruff hair can have symptoms such as itching, exfoliation, redness, and scalp sensitivity. At the same time, recurrent dandruff problem, redness, swelling, itching, dryness, skin rash and skin conditions such as “atopic eczema”, which is a very common skin disease, can also be seen frequently.
What are the types of dandruff?
Dandruff is caused by excessive scales of the scalp. Every two weeks, the cells in the scalp are naturally renewed and disappear as tiny, invisible scales. However, due to some factors, the cell renewal process may be accelerated. Clusters of dead skin cells known as dandruff form.
There are two types of dandruff:
Dry dandruff: Small, fine white scales that fall on the shoulders.
Oily dandruff: Wider and thicker yellow-colored scales that stick to the hair and scalp.
In both cases, dandruff causes discomfort and itching of the scalp.
When it comes to dandruff treatment, your age and the severity of dandruff factors should be considered. After considering these factors, you can consult a dermatologist and learn how to treat them. However, you can consider our suggestions below to support the treatment.
1-Use the right shampoo: If you are stubborn, recurring and have a severe dandruff problem, you should use shampoos that have intense and micro-peeling effect to eliminate permanent dandruff and balance the sebum in the scalp. You should also take care that it contains Vitamin PP to prevent itching.
2-Stay away from paraben: If you have dandruff problem due to dry scalp, we recommend that you use selenium-containing, paraben-free shampoos.
3-Use care oil: To prevent dryness in your scalp, consult your doctor and massage your scalp with hair care oils containing flower oils. In this way, you can keep your scalp moisturized and nourished.
4-Stay away from heat: You should not use tools such as blow dryer, straightener and tongs that will dry your scalp and cause irritation during this period.
5-Washing your hair very often: If you wash your hair every day, it means that you are inviting dandruff problem. To prevent this, instead of washing your hair every day, you can get help from dry shampoo on days when you do not wash or wash your hair every other day.
Editor’s recommendation: As a dry shampoo, our recommendation is Elseve Magic Shampoo Invisible Dry Shampoo that adds volume to our hair.
6-Use the styling gels in your dose: Styling gels, pastes, sprays… Hair stylers work very well but using excessive and large amounts may cause accumulation on the scalp. This may return to you in the form of dandruff. Therefore, we recommend that you do not use the shapers sparingly or too often.